Research shows there is a strong link between dietary patterns and age-related macular degeneration (AMD).

People with diets that are elevated in fat, cholesterol, and high glycemic index foods, and low in antioxidants and green leafy vegetables may be more likely to develop AMD. High-glycemic index foods, such as white rice, bread, and pasta raise blood sugar rapidly, whereas low-glycemic foods, such as whole-grain bread or oatmeal may lower the risk of AMD.

Currently, AREDS2 eye vitamins are the standard treatment aimed at preventing intermediate-stage age-related macular degeneration (AMD) from worsening to advanced AMD (dry or wet). 

AREDS2 is short for Age-Related Eye Disease Study 2, the sequel clinical trial conducted by The National Eye Institute (NEI), within the U.S. National Institutes of Health (NIH)

The formula for these AREDS2 eye vitamins combine specific dosages of vitamins C and E, the carotenoids lutein and zeaxanthin, and the minerals zinc, and copper.  When used in intermediate-stage AMD, AREDS2 vitamins reduce the risk of developing vision-threatening, advanced AMD, and are recommended by many doctors.

Research is showing there may be additional ways to lower risk, given how sensitive the eye is to nutritional intake and possible deficiencies.