This article discusses the most common type of dementia, resulting in 60 - 80 percent of all cases of dementia diagnoses.
The answer to the question “Is Alzheimer’s disease the most common type of dementia?” is “yes.” Alzheimer’s disease is indeed the most common cause of serious cognitive problems among older adults. It is one of the major causes of death, and it is one of the costliest of diseases for our health care system. As yet, we have no cure.
But there is so much more to say about this matter!
One of my professors in medical school used to remind us that there are many patients who cannot be cured, but few who cannot be helped. Help for a person with Alzheimer’s disease includes attention to their safety and comfort, medical care of conditions that might further interfere with their best level of functioning, and support of their caregiving system.
Recent advances in neuroimaging have made it possible for us to recognize Alzheimer’s disease even before severe cognitive symptoms have developed, and at the earliest stage of Alzheimer’s disease there may be opportunities to help delay or prevent worsening. Medical disease management, physical activity, good nutrition, cognitive stimulation, social engagement, stress reduction, and healthy sleep habits can all promote brain health.
At the earliest stage of cognitive symptoms, participation in clinical trials may offer some affected individuals an opportunity to delay the effects of the disease—and many possible therapies are currently in testing.
It is also important to keep in mind that although Alzheimer’s is the most common type of dementia, it is definitely not the only one. A recent study called IDEAS (“Imaging Dementia, Evidence for Amyloid Scanning”) reported that nearly a third of patients referred for amyloid scanning with a likely diagnosis of Alzheimer’s disease actually had a different condition altogether. Vascular dementia, Lewy body dementia, frontotemporal dementia, Parkinson’s disease dementia, alcohol-related dementia, dementia related to HIV infection, and dementia associated with head trauma are other important causes of major neurocognitive disorder. They are not all curable, but various treatment approaches can reduce symptoms, reduce caregiver burden, and improve quality of life. In addition, there are reversible causes of cognitive symptoms that may look just like dementia yet improve considerably when treated correctly. Adverse effects of inappropriate medications or of toxic substances, depression, sleep disorders, and some infections are among the many treatable causes of cognitive symptoms.
For Andrew and anyone in his situation, I would suggest seeking the help of a physician trained to evaluate and treat dementia. Sometimes this can result in discovery of a curable condition. Almost always, it can result in getting specific and useful advice and assistance.
- What is Dementia? (Article)
- What Causes Dementia? (Article)
- Alzheimer’s and Dementia: What’s the Difference? (Article)
- Is It Alzheimer's Disease or Dementia with Lewy Bodies? (Article)
- Medical Conditions that Can Mimic Dementia (Article)
- Normal Pressure Hydrocephalus (NPH) (Article)
- Frontotemporal Dementias (Article)
- Infections that Can Cause Dementia (Article)
- Vascular Dementia: Reducing Risks with a Brain-Healthy Lifestyle (Article)
- "Is It Something I'm Taking?" Medications That Can Mimic Dementia (Article)
This content was last updated on: January 8, 2018
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