PDGF-C/D in Choroidal Neovascularization and AMD Therapy
This project will test the role of two growth factors, PDGF-C and PDGF-D, in the development and growth of new blood vessels in the choroids and retina. Inhibition of these molecules may provide possible new therapies for AMD.
Reagents that can suppress the growth of undesired blood vessels have shown beneficial effects for some AMD patients. However, none of them can halt or reverse the course of the disease. New anti-angiogenic reagents are therefore still needed. The platelet-derived growth factor C (PDGF-C) and PDGF-D are two promising candidate molecules to be targeted. Our previous and current work has shown that both PDGF-C and PDGF-D are potent angiogenic factors with potential important roles in choroidal neovascularization (CNV). This study is thus designed to test the role of PDGF-C and PDGF-D in the development and growth of undesired new blood vessels in the choroids and retina. Multiple approaches including different CNV mouse models, PDGF-C deficient and transgenic mice, neutralizing antibodies and siRNA, etc, will be used to achieve our scientific goals. Results derived from this study investigating the angiogenic nature of PDGF-C and PDGF-D in CNV formation and progression, as well as the anti-angiogenic effects of PDGF-C/D antagonists alone and in combination with other angiogenesis inhibitors will provide not only new insights into the basic molecular and cellular mechanisms of CNV formation in neovascular AMD, but also possibilities of novel therapy for the treatment of AMD patients.