Expert

Macular Degeneration & Coronavirus: Tips for Patients

Scheie Eye Institute, University of Pennsylvania
Photo of an eye of a person with macular degeneration
People with age-related macular degeneration (AMD) are also in the age group at higher risk for more severe coronavirus infections. It is important to know how to both protect your eyesight and at the same time stay safe from this virus.

Coronavirus and Wet Age-Related Macular Degeneration

During the current coronavirus crisis, non-urgent medical visits may be postponed. However, if you have wet AMD, it is very important to continue to have intraocular anti-VEGF injections to protect your vision. These should be given at the frequency recommended by your ophthalmologist, which can vary from patient to patient depending on how actively the abnormal blood vessels in the retina are leaking.

Studies have shown that missing injections will generally lead to worse vision. In some cases, after a discussion with your ophthalmologist, it may be acceptable to postpone an injection a bit, or space injections out more, to balance the coronavirus risk against the vision risk.

If it is necessary to come to the ophthalmologist’s office for an injection, some measures should be taken to reduce coronavirus risk. These can include social distancing of at least six feet whenever possible, washing hands with soap and warm water for 20 seconds, not touching your face, and wearing a mask.

It is likely that the ophthalmologist’s office will be less crowded than usual, as the American Academy of Ophthalmology has recommended that non-urgent visits be postponed. Also, your ophthalmologist will take additional precautions to protect you, which may include wearing a mask, washing hands frequently, as usual, and, unfortunately, spending less time talking with you, especially when up close.  

If you have symptoms that could be caused by coronavirus (fever and cough) or have been exposed to someone known to have a coronavirus infection, call your ophthalmologist’s office before coming in to discuss when/if you should come, and what precautions will be taken to protect others in the office.

Coronavirus and Dry Age-Related Macular Degeneration

If you have dry AMD, you should most likely postpone your AMD checkups unless you have a change in your vision that could indicate conversion to wet AMD. To check for this, use an Amsler grid once a week. To do this, keep your glasses on and check one eye at a time, closing the other eye. Look at the dot in the center of the graph. If you notice missing or wavy lines on the graph, which are different from what you usually see (your baseline), then call your ophthalmologist to discuss a possible appointment.

If you were told to take vitamins for your AMD, then continue to take those, but do not use throat lozenges that have zinc, as the zinc in the vitamins combined with the zinc in the lozenge may be too much.

As much as possible, eat a diet that’s protective for AMD. This will, most likely, also keep your immune system in a healthy state to fight off a possible coronavirus infection. The diet is plant-rich, with lots of spinach, kale, collard greens, and other vegetables and fruits of all kinds. Eating fatty fish like salmon, sardines, tuna, or mackerel twice a week is also thought to be protective.

If you smoke, this would be an ideal time to give it up, as smoking is a risk for AMD and will also weaken the immune response and compromise the breathing functions in your lungs, should you get a coronavirus infection.

Summary

Conditions in specific locations of the country will likely vary over the coming months regarding the coronavirus, but these general principles will apply.

The good news is that most people with AMD will pull through this epidemic with life and vision intact, especially with patients, ophthalmologists, neighbors, and our country communicating effectively and working together.

 Resources:

 
This content was first posted on: April 1, 2020

The information provided here is a public service of the BrightFocus Foundation and should not in any way substitute for personalized advice of a qualified healthcare professional; it is not intended to constitute medical advice. Please consult your physician for personalized medical advice. BrightFocus Foundation does not endorse any medical product, therapy, or resources mentioned or listed in this article. All medications and supplements should only be taken under medical supervision. Also, although we make every effort to keep the medical information on our website updated, we cannot guarantee that the posted information reflects the most up-to-date research.

These articles do not imply an endorsement of BrightFocus by the author or their institution, nor do they imply an endorsement of the institution or author by BrightFocus.

Some of the content may be adapted from other sources, which will be clearly identified within the article.

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