Towards A Knockdown Therapy For Tauopathy
Co-Principal InvestigatorsEdgardo Rodriguez, PhD University of Florida
We propose to do research using genetically modified mice carrying P301L mutation, a genetic alteration associated with the neurodegenerative disease of frontotemporal dementia (FTD). We will apply two techniques known as knock-down, which direct complementary RNA to the site of a specific mutation as a tool to block the altered protein. The other approach is to cut DNA at specific regions of tau protein, thus downregulating expression of tau protein, for the purpose of curing familial FTD. Since abnormal tau aggregation is associated with AD, as well as a number of other diseases, these tau reduction techniques conceivably could also benefit those disease populations.
Using a mouse model, we are developing a way to reduce the expression of the tau protein, which is associated with FTD and aggregates in Alzheimer's disease (AD). We are using genetically modified mice that express the human tau gene with a mutation associated with FTD. We believe that some cases of FTD could be treated if the tau protein could be reduced. In our mouse model, we are applying two techniques known as tau knock-down, where complementary RNA is directed to specific sites of the mutation as a tool to block the altered protein. The other approach will cut DNA at specific regions of tau protein for the purpose of expressing less tau. Once we establish the tool to knockdown tau, we can then use it to assess how the features of both FTD and AD, as observed in the mouse model, are reduced or prevented after tau knockdown.
There are two unique aspects to this research. First, we use a newly-developed mouse model that utilizes reporters that are bioluminescent (glowing) to allow us to visualize tau expression in vivo. This model allows us to monitor tau levels over long periods and make real-time adjustments to the therapy. Second, we use “state-of-art” tau knockdown techniques. These techniques are complementary and reflect the latest technology tools for gene silencing (knockdown). Importantly, using the bioluminescence approach to monitoring tau expression allows us to directly screen our therapies in vivo, saving time and giving us much better prediction of efficacy in a living organisms. If successful, tau knockdown could be used in humans in several ways. The most obvious one would be in individuals that are at risk for FTD because they carry a mutant form of tau. Since abnormal tau aggregation is associated with AD, as well as a number of other diseases, reduction of tau may also be beneficial for those individuals.