Modulation of APP Trafficking and Abeta Production
Amyloid β-peptide (Aβ) accumulation in the brain is a pathological hallmark of Alzheimer's disease (AD). Recent studies have shown that aggregated forms of Aβ is toxic to neurons and contribute to memory loss in AD. The toxic Aβ is derived from sequential cleavage of a larger protein called the amyloid precursor protein, or APP. Increased APP cleavage can directly cause AD. APP is a dynamic molecule that moves among different compartments within cells. The general hypothesis is that APP cycling between cell surface and inside the cells increases its chance to be cleaved to Aβ. Dr. Bu has identified three important molecules called LRP, LRP1B, and sorting nexin 17 (SNX17), each interacts with APP and modifies its cycling speed. Specifically, the preliminary studies found that LRP and SNX17 facilitate and LRP1B inhibits APP cycling. The goal of this proposal is to analyze in brain-derived neurons whether their effects on APP cycling also translate into changes in Aβ production. If the results are confirmed, drugs can be designed to increase LRP1B levels or decrease LRP and SNX17 levels to benefit AD patients.