Blood Vessel Changes in Tauopathy
Co-Principal InvestigatorsBradley Hyman, MD, PhD Massachusetts General Hospital
We have observed that tau, a key player in Alzheimer’s disease (AD), leads to blood vessel changes and increased expression of proteins involved in new blood vessel growth in the brains of mice. We do not know if these changes contribute to cell death and accumulation of AD proteins. This research aims to determine if blood vessel alterations are an early or late event in the disease process and to use “off the shelf” drugs to prevent blood vessel growth. Altogether, these studies will determine if the observed changes are harmful and may point towards widely available treatment options that should be considered for Alzheimer’s disease patients.
Our research goals are twofold 1) determine if these tau-induced vascular changes contribute to cell death and further pathological accumulation of tau and 2) test whether therapeutic interventions to prevent blood vessel changes can alter the disease course.
To achieve these goals, our laboratory is using two well-characterized mouse models of Alzheimer's disease in addition to cutting-edge microscopy techniques for visualizing alterations to vasculature in the intact, living brain. Initial studies are aimed at understanding when blood vessel alterations occur and how changes relate to Alzheimer's disease pathology. We are also profiling the expression of proteins involved in blood vessel growth to identify potential new targets for therapeutics. Based on this new understanding of the relationship between tau and blood vessels, we aim to use "off the shelf" drugs to alter blood vessel growth and directly assess their effect on pathological outcomes in these models.
These studies are unique in that they examine a novel and previously unexplored interaction between tau pathology and blood vessels. Altogether, this research will determine if the observed blood vessel changes are harmful and may point towards widely-available therapeutic options to treat Alzheimer’s disease patients.