Subtraction Analysis of Trabecular Meshwork Genes(G2000033)

Ernst Tamm, MD
Friedrich Alexander Universitat (Erlangen, Germany)
Year Awarded:
2002
Grant Duration:
April 1, 2002 to March 31, 2004
Disease:
Glaucoma
Award Amount:
$70,000
Grant Reference ID:
G2002025
Award Type:
Standard
Award Region:
International

Subtraction Analysis of Trabecular Meshwork Genes(G2000033)

Details


Dr. Tamm has previously identified three genes, pax-6, uteroglobulin and thrombospondin-1 that are differentially expressed in a murine trabecular meshwork (TM) cell line under differentiating or non-differentiating conditions. The goal of this proposal is to examine the role of these three genes in glaucoma with the use of various knockout mice. It is hypothesized that pax-6 is the major control gene for TM development. Dr. Tamm is working to determine if pax-6 acts directly on the development of the TM or indirectly via its induction of other factors in lens, iris/ciliary epithelium or retina. He also hopes to determine if a deficiency or lack of uteroglobulin expression leads to morphological and functional changes in the anterior eye segment and TM, comparable to that seen in glaucoma associated with pigment dispersion syndrome. He is also examining thrombospondin-1 expression in the regulation of TGF-beta and TGF-beta controlled genes. Thrombospondin-1 is expressed in the TM and is an activator of TGF-beta, which is found at high levels in the aqueous humor of eyes with primary open-angle glaucoma (POAG). He will analyze the TM phenotype in mice lacking the expression of thrombospondin-1. It is hoped that the proposed studies will lead to a better understanding of the etiology of both congenital glaucoma and POAG by better understanding the molecular biology of the TM, the specialized tissue through which the aqueous fluid drains. This project is a continuation of a study by the same name, begun in 2000.

Publications

Baulmann, D., Cvekl, A., Gruss, P., Tamm, E.R. Pax6 plays a role during development of trabecular meshwork, iris and cornea in the mouse eye. [PMID:nd] [link not available]

Knaup, C., Goldwich, A., Flugel-Koch, C., Tamm, E.R. The localization of myocilin/TIGR in the developing mouse eye. [PMID:nd] [link not available]

Karali A, Russell P, Stefani FH, Tamm ER. Localization of myocilin/trabecular meshwork--inducible glucocorticoid response protein in the human eye. Invest Ophthalmol Vis Sci. 2000 Mar;41(3):729-40. PubMed  

Cvekl A, Tamm ER. Anterior eye development and ocular mesenchyme: new insights from mouse models and human diseases. Bioessays. 2004 Apr;26(4):374-86. Review. PubMed  

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