Project DetailsGlaucoma is a disease typically associated with elevated intraocular pressure (IOP) caused by increased resistance to aqueous humor outflow. Glaucoma is treated clinically by reducing IOP, but the precise factors responsible for controlling IOP and outflow resistance are not well understood. To improve the understanding of outflow resistance, Dr. Overby proposes to study how the hydrodynamic patterns of aqueous humor outflow change in response to stimuli that affect outflow resistance. His hypothesis is because aqueous humor is confined to flow through only a fraction of total area of outflow pathway, outflow resistance is correlated to the area that is actively involved in hydrodynamic filtration of aqueous humor. To test this hypothesis, he will aim to develop a new tracer method that will combine with confocal microscopy to visualize the hydrodynamic patterns of outflow and measure the active area of aqueous humor filtration in human eyes. The second aim is to use this tracer technique to quantify the relationship between outflow resistance and filtration area for changing IOP that causes a change in outflow resistance. The long-term goal of this project is to translate this fundamental understanding of outflow hydrodynamics into a strategy to reduce outflow resistance and IOP in glaucomatous eyes.