BACE1 Trafficking and Alzheimer's Disease

Tae-Wan Kim, PhD
Columbia University Medical Center (New York, NY)
Year Awarded:
2008
Grant Duration:
April 1, 2008 to March 31, 2011
Disease:
Alzheimer's Disease
Award Amount:
$265,000
Grant Reference ID:
A2008153
Award Type:
Standard
Award Region:
US Northeastern
Tae-Wan Kim, PhD

Modulation of BACE1 by a Novel Sorting Nexin

Summary

This study will investigate the mechanism underlying the regulation of BACE1 trafficking and beta-amyloid generation in neurons by a novel sorting nexin. Gaining insight into these cellular mechanisms will lead to development of novel therapeutic approaches for preventing or treating AD.

Details

Aberrant trafficking of Alzheimer's disease (AD)-associated molecules, such as beta-amyloid precursor protein (APP) and beta-site APP-cleaving enzyme 1 (BACE1), has been extensively implicated in the neuropathogenesis of AD. BACE1 mediates the first of two cleavage events of APP to yield amyloid beta-peptide (A-beta). Recent studies suggest that aberrant regulation of molecular components of the endosome and trans-Golgi network (TGN) may contribute to the enhanced A-beta levels associated with AD. We discovered that a novel sorting 'nexin', a member of the family of trafficking proteins that bind phospholipids, binds BACE1 and regulates the cleavage of APP. Our proposed studies will investigate the mechanism underlying the regulation of BACE1 trafficking and beta-amyloid generation in neurons by this novel sorting nexin. Gaining insight into these cellular mechanisms will lead to development of novel therapeutic approaches for preventing or treating AD.

Research Updates

Improper trafficking, or sorting, of Alzheimer's disease (AD)-associated proteins, such as beta-amyloid precursor protein (APP) and beta-site APP-cleaving enzyme 1 (BACE1), is associated with the development of AD. BACE1 mediates the first of two cleavage events of APP to yield beta-amyloid peptide.  Recent studies suggest that problems with the regulation of the endosome and trans-Golgi network, parts of the cell that are involved in protein sorting, may contribute to the increased beta-amyloid levels associated with AD. Dr. Tae-Wan Kim and colleagues discovered that a member of the phospholipid (fat)-binding sorting nexin family, called Snx6, also binds BACE1 and regulates both its transport within the cell and its ability to complete beta-site cleavage of APP. In addition, these researchers determined that reduction of Snx6 can promote BACE1 generation of beta-amyloid in nerve cells. Dr. Kim's discoveries about these new cell sorting mechanisms may lead to the development of new preventions or treatments for AD.

Publications

Okada H, Zhang W, Peterhoff C, Hwang JC, Nixon RA, Ryu SH, Kim TW. (2010) Proteomic identification of sorting nexin 6 as a negative regulator of BACE1-mediated APP processing. FASEB J. 2010 Mar 30.

This paper reports new regulator of BACE1, a key proteolytic enzyme in Alzheimer's disease.

Finan GM, Okada H, Kim T-W. (2011) BACE1 Retrograde Trafficking is Uniquely Regulated by the Cytoplasmic Domain of Sortilin. J. Biol. Chem. 286, 12602-12616. PubMed Icon Google Scholar Icon

Di Paolo G, Kim T-W. (2011) Linking lipids to Alzheimer's disease: cholesterol and beyond. Nature Rev. Neurosci. 12, 284-296. PubMed Icon Google Scholar Icon

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