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BrightFocus Insights on Macular Degeneration

Image of an Eye and a DNA Helix

Gene Therapy for Macular Degeneration

Posted: June 2015

Can gene therapy provide an effective long-acting treatment for wet and dry age-related macular degeneration? Learn about the latest research and clinical trials. Read more.

Eye Exam

Cataracts and Age-Related Macular Degeneration

Posted: May 2015

Learn the answers to common questions concerning cataract surgery for patients who have macular degeneration. Read more.

Eye Illustration

The Eye: A Window to Your Health

Posted: May 2015

Without even reporting on your medical history, your eye doctor can learn a lot about your general health just by examining your eyes. Read more.

Illustration of a DNA molecule

Update on Genetics and Age-Related Macular Degeneration

Posted: April 2015

Age-related macular degeneration (AMD) is caused by a number of genetic and environmental factors. People with an affected parent have approximately twice the risk of getting the disease than someone whose parents do not have AMD. Learn about the genes that increase the risk of AMD, and whether genetic testing is recommended. Read more.

A man smoking a cigarette.

Smoking and Age-Related Macular Degeneration

Posted: March 2015

Smoking is the largest modifiable risk factor for age-related macular degeneration. Learn why smoking damages the retina, and explore a number of steps you can take to protect your vision. Read more.

Photo of a macular degeneration researcher

The Latest Research on Dry Age-Related Macular Degeneration

Posted: February 2015

Read about the exciting new research for treatment of dry age-related macular degeneration. Read more.

Photo of the Eye

A Guide to Finding the Right Eye Doctor

Posted: January 2015

There are many health professionals trained to take care of your eyes. This article provides a brief description of three major types you may find in your community. Read more.

A Daughter hugging her father.

A Close Relative Has Age-Related Macular Degeneration: How Can I Decrease My Risk?

Posted: January 2015

If a close relative has macular degeneration, learn some important steps that you can take to decrease your risk of developing this eye disease. Read more.

Illustration of the Amsler Grid

How to Use the Amsler Grid

Posted: December 2014

The Amsler grid can help detect early signs of retinal disease and monitor changes in vision after diagnosis. Read more.


Aspirin and Macular Degeneration

Posted: November 2014

This article provides helpful information concerning aspirin use and macular degeneration. Read more.

Photo of kiwis and other fruits.

Hallucinations and Macular Degeneration

Posted: October 2014

One sensitive issue often confronting people with advanced macular degeneration, glaucoma, or cataract is visual hallucinations, called Charles Bonnet syndrome. Read more.

Photo of kiwis and other fruits.

The Top Foods for Eye Health

Posted: September 2014

Learn about the foods that can best maintain the health of your eyes. Read more.

Photo of a Bright Sun Against a Blue Sky

Are Bright Lights Damaging to the Eye?

Posted: August 2014

Since very bright lights can damage the retina in a short period of time, can long-term exposure to moderately bright light cause retinal damage? The answer is maybe, and why not protect yourself against this possibility? Read more.

Photo of an Eye

The Artificial Retina

Posted: July 2014

In this era of “seeing” robots and “bionic” body parts, patients sometimes ask about the possibility of an artificial electronic retina. Such a device was approved last year by the FDA, providing rudimentary vision for blind patients and the hope that future advances in the technology will help even more people who have lost vision. Read more.

Photo of a Doctor Examing a Patient

Macular Pucker

Posted: June 2014

Macular pucker is a disease that affects the central retina, or macula. As the name suggests, it is caused by distortion or “squeezing” of the macula. The condition is also called “cellophane maculopathy,” because it can be caused by a thin, transparent layer of cellophane-like scar tissue tugging on the neurons of the macula. Read more.

Photo of a Doctor Examing a Patient

Prevention of Age-Related Macular Degeneration

Posted: May 2014

Since age-related macular degeneration (AMD) is a leading cause of vision loss in Americans 60 years of age and older, it’s important to take steps that may prevent this eye disease. Certain measures have been shown in large clinical trials to clearly decrease the risk of AMD, and other actions, based on smaller trials or theoretical considerations, may also decrease risk. Read more.

The Implantable Miniature Telescope for Macular Degeneration

The Implantable Miniature Telescope for Macular Degeneration

Posted: April 2014

Some patients with age-related macular degeneration (AMD) lose their central vision in both eyes. This makes it difficult to read, recognize faces, or watch television. Fortunately, the more peripheral retinal beyond the centrally-located macula is not usually affected. The implantable miniature telescope (IMT) takes advantage of this fact by enlarging objects in the center of the visual field so they can be seen by the intact parts of the retina around the macula. Read more.

Photo of Healthy Foods

Lutein and Zeaxanthin for Protection against Macular Degeneration

Posted: March 2014

Age-related macular degeneration is the leading cause of legal blindness in older Americans. Therefore, it’s important to decrease the risk as much as possible. This article discusses lutein and zeaxanthin, micronutrients found in many fruits and vegetables, and how they may help to protect the macula. Read more.

Photo of a Large Button Telephone

Macular Degeneration: Low Vision Tips

Posted: February 2014

There a number of ways to maximize the use of vision, even if it is impaired by disease. There is no single approach that works for everyone; needs differ depending on the type of eye disease, general health, and personal preferences. Read more.

Photo of a Researcher

Stem Cells and Macular Degeneration

Posted: January 2014

There is much excitement about the potential for stem cell transplantation in age-related macular degeneration (AMD), and this approach has a reasonable chance of helping patients with wet AMD or advanced dry (geographic atrophy) AMD at some point in the future. Read more.

Photo of a Doctor

Macular Hole

Posted: January 2014

A macular hole is basically what it sounds like; a hole in the central part of the retina, which is called the macula. This hole causes blurring or distortion of the central vision. Learn about the similarities and differences between macular hole and macular degeneration. Read more.

Photo of a Young Woman During an Eye Exam

Stargardt Disease

Posted: November 2013

Stargardt disease is an inherited form of macular degeneration. While it affects the same part of the central retinal, called the macula, as age-related macular degeneration (AMD), it is different from AMD. Read more.

Photo of Mother and Daughter Wearing Sunglasses

How to Choose the Right Sunglasses

Posted: October 2013

Sunglasses are important for maintenance of eye health and, of course, are a fashion statement! These glasses can diminish the intensity of both visible and invisible light (which includes the potentially damaging ultraviolet light). Read more.

Photo of Doctor Examining Patient

The Ophthalmology Eye Exam for Macular Degeneration

Posted: September 2013

The goals of a typical visit to the ophthalmologist for macular degeneration are to confirm or refute the diagnosis, assess future risk, and provide any required treatments. The exam includes several components, including the history, examination, and computerized imaging. The entire process including exam with pupil dilation, imaging and treatment can take several hours. Read more.

The information provided here is a public service of the BrightFocus Foundation and should not in any way substitute for personalized advice of a qualified healthcare professional; it is not intended to constitute medical advice. Please consult your physician for personalized medical advice. BrightFocus Foundation does not endorse any medical product or therapy. All medications and supplements should only be taken under medical supervision. Also, although we make every effort to keep the medical information on our website updated, we cannot guarantee that the posted information reflects the most up-to-date research.

These articles do not imply an endorsement of BrightFocus by the author or their institution, nor do they imply an endorsement of the institution or author by BrightFocus.

Some of the content may be adapted from other sources, which will be clearly identified within the article.

Last Review: 02/01/14

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