Control of the immune system in the eye

Heping Xu, PhD
University of Aberdeen (Aberdeen, Scotland)
Year Awarded:
2007
Grant Duration:
April 1, 2007 to July 31, 2009
Disease:
Macular Degeneration
Award Amount:
$100,000
Grant Reference ID:
M2007106
Award Type:
Standard
Award Region:
International

Retinal Pigment Epithelial Cells and Complement

Summary

The project is to investigate how CFH/CFB protein production is controlled in the eye in normal and disease conditions. It will help to identify factors that are responsible for AMD development, and develop new treatments.

Details

Age-related macular degeneration (AMD) is the largest cause of untreatable blindness in developed countries. How the disease is started is not known. Recent evidence suggests that patients who carry variants of certain gene (namely complement regulatory factor H (CFH) gene) are at higher risk of developing AMD, whereas another gene (namely complement factor B (CFB) gene) variation can reduce the risk of AMD. The products of these two genes are CFH and CFB proteins, which are both important in complement activation (a kind of inflammation). CFH/CFB proteins are normally produced in the liver and distributed in the blood stream. Patients with AMD usually have no other diseases related to CFH or CFB dysfunction apart from the eye. We speculate that these genes also are active in the eye with local protein productions, this may serve as a regulatory system to prevent unwanted inflammation. When these genes are not functioning properly as in some variants of the genes then AMD might develop due to damage from local inflammation. The project is to investigate how CFH/CFB protein production is controlled in the eye in normal and disease conditions. It will help us to identify factors that are responsible for AMD development, and develop new treatments.

Publications



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