The Role of STEP in Alzheimer's Disease
Co-Principal InvestigatorsPaul Greengard, PhD Rockefeller University
By using transgenic animal models of Alzheimer's disease, this project seeks to test whether slowing down the activity of a particular molecular pathway can restore cognitive abilities.
Alzheimer's disease is a devastating disease with few effective treatments. Understanding the molecular basis of this disease should lead the way to new therapies. We are testing the hypothesis that a protein called STEP disrupts communication between neurons in Alzheimer's disease. STEP is a brain-specific protein that regulates the activity of several proteins required for the stabilization of memories. One of these proteins is the NMDA glutamate receptor. This receptor complex normally moves from intracellular pools to the neuronal surface where it can receive neurotransmitter signals required for the formation of long-term memories. The trafficking to and from membranes is a tightly regulated process, and STEP participates in this process. We recently discovered that STEP is inappropriately activated by beta amyloid. Moreover, active STEP removes NMDA receptors from neuronal surfaces. Inappropriate activation of STEP leads to loss of glutamate receptors and subsequent disruption to memory formation. We predict that reducing STEP activity will reduce the loss of NMDA receptors from their active sites. We will test this hypothesis by using an animal model of Alzheimer's disease with reduced levels of STEP proteins. We predict these mice will be 'rescued' and have restored cognitive abilities. These findings will have potential therapeutic implications.