Project DetailsUnderstanding the factors responsible for Alzheimer's disease (AD) is critical for the development of therapeutic strategies for this debilitating neurodegenerative disease. Intriguingly, epidemiological studies suggest that chronic use of non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs) protects from the development of AD. We have shown that certain NSAIDs selectively lower production of the 42 amino acid form of the amyloid beta peptide (Aß42). Based on evidence that the accumulation of Aß42 in the brain leads to AD, it has been hypothesized that this unique property may contribute to the protective effect of some NSAIDs. These compounds not only selective lower Aß42 but also increase the levels of shorter Aß peptides such as Aß34, 37, and 38. Studies have shown that Aß42 is much more prone to form amyloid than shorter fragments. Based on these results, we hypothesized that the elevations in shorter Aß peptides induced by some NSAIDs further enhances their anti-amyloidogenic effect. Experiments will directly investigate the effects of smaller Aß peptides on Aß aggregation and fibril formation in vitro. Most importantly a unique technology to rapidly and specifically increase the levels of these short Aß peptides in the brains of mice will be used to see if they protect from Aß plaque formation.