My husband is 38 years old and has seen two eye doctors who say that he has macular degeneration in his left eye and already has early signs of the disease in his right eye. They have said that there is nothing that can be done to help him or to slow down the progression of the disease. Is there anything that can help? And is there anything that could have caused this to happen to him? The doctors have said that with the way it's progressing in his left eye he will lose his sight in that eye within one year. I need any and all advice that you can provide. [ 11/28/12 ]
Age-related macular degeneration (ARMD) typically affects people older than 55 years of age. Your husband likely has another type of macular degeneration. Without knowing the specific type of macular degeneration it is difficult to better inform you about prognosis and treatments. Many of the non-ARMD types of macular degeneration are genetic in nature and rare. Please ask your retina specialist for the specific type of macular degeneration your husband has so that you can better inform yourself. Referral to a center that specializes in inherited retinal diseases may be worthwhile as well.
I have been diagnosed with early-stage dry macular degeneration. Sometimes, I have circles of light in the corners of eyes. What causes these bright halos? [ 11/28/12 ]
Intermittent bright halos can be caused from a variety of reasons. Common causes include dry eyes, cataracts, and optical aberrations from any glasses that are worn. Other rarer and more visually threatening causes also exist. Early-stage age-related macular degeneration typically does not cause patients to complain of bright halos. Please speak to your retina specialist about what might be causing your symptoms. Often this determination can be made after a clinical examination.
If one parent with brown eyes develops age-related macular degeneration (ARMD) and the other parent with hazel eyes does not, does this mean (genetically speaking) that the risk of developing the disease may be higher in the children who inherited the brown eyes of the affected parent than the children who inherited the hazel eyes of the non-affected parent? [ 11/28/12 ]
Certain iris colors have not consistently been associated with higher risk of age-related macular degeneration (ARMD). ARMD has a genetic component, and children of parents with ARMD are likely at higher risk of developing the disease themselves. The genetic component of ARMD does not follow Mendelian inheritance patterns, and also is likely not related to inheritance of iris color. A Mendelian inheritance pattern is defined by a condition resulting from two genes, one inherited from each patient, and these genes come randomly from each parent.
I wear contacts and recently noticed that my central vision is hazy/blurry in a circular shape in the right eye for near and distance vision. I can see the item behind the “spot,” but it is blurry, hazy, and reduced in intensity compared to the surrounding visual field. The spot is very small and in the exact center. I had an eye exam and the doctor didn't see any issues with my eye. When reading, the hazy effect disappears and I can read the text without the blurry/hazy effect. Are my symptoms related to focusing issues? Should I be taking any other action? [ 11/28/12 ]
A blurry central spot that is not present at certain times, can be one of many things from something simple such as a refractive error, cataract, or dry eyes, to issues that are more high risk, like age-related macular degeneration. A skilled eye exam can detect most of these conditions, so a normal eye exam is very reassuring. If your symptoms do not improve or continue to worsen, please request serial exams by your ophthalmologist. Symptoms of most diseases become more evident with time, even if not initially apparent.
My son and grandson have both been diagnosed with Best disease, and I have age-related macular degeneration. On August 29, 2012 I had a cataract extraction and lens replacement surgery on my right eye and it has been a miracle for me. Is there any relationship between macular degeneration and Best disease? I have worn eye glasses since I was a young child but doctors NEVER mentioned Best disease, and it still has not been mentioned! My son's right eye is now legally blind and the left one is also being affected. He is a general building contractor and it is causing him to have to consider giving up his business. Any information you can give me would be deeply appreciate. Please help me in helping him find answers to this serious problem. [ 11/28/12 ]
Best's macular dystrophy is a separate disease from age-related macular degeneration (ARMD). If you have dilated examinations of the retina regularly, it is unlikely that you have Best macular dystrophy, but please confirm this with your retina specialist. Typically Best macular dystrophy only causes mild vision loss until the advanced stages; however, this disease can cause significant vision loss later on in life. You can read more about this disease on the EyeWiki site where ophthalmologists, other physicians, patients, and the public can view an eye encyclopedia of content written by ophthalmologists. Your son may benefit from evaluation from a low vision specialist. While the low vision specialist cannot improve vision from Best macular dystrophy, he or she can help obtain training, develop strategies, and obtain assistive devices so that your son can accomplish daily tasks.
Can a mini stroke cause macular degeneration? [ 11/28/12 ]
Mini strokes are not thought to have a causal relationship to age-related macular degeneration (ARMD). Both medical conditions are more common in older patients. Mini strokes are associated with blood vessel problems such as atherosclerosis; however, a link between atherosclerosis and ARMD has not been definitively been proven.
My father was diagnosed today with severe macular degeneration in one eye. His sight is very bad in that eye and is progressively getting worse. They said it has gone too far for any treatment to be effective. Do you have any suggestions or comments that could help? [ 11/28/12 ]
Injections into the eye are very effective for a certain group of patients with age-related macular degeneration (ARMD). If your retina specialist has determined that your father is not a candidate for eye injections, he may benefit from a visit to a low vision specialist. Such a specialist can help your father obtain vision training and assistive devices to maximize his remaining peripheral vision and independence.
I am 64 years of age and female. During the last few months, I've noticed, especially when viewing TV, that if a person has on dark jeans or slacks and their legs are separated in the middle, between both legs, I will see a dark “V.” If the person is close up, it will be a short “V” and if they person is in the background, it will be a long “V.” What could be causing this effect? I have recently noticed similar visual effects when viewing light colors as well. [ 11/28/12 ]
From this description of symptoms only and not exam findings, it is challenging to come up with a definitive diagnosis. Your visual symptoms could be from a range of conditions, some harmless, and others visually threatening. For these symptoms, please have an examination and appropriate testing from an ophthalmologist.