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Ask an Expert about Macular Degeneration

Latest Questions and Answers
Can any form of macular degeneration be treated with laser treatment? [ 02/02/11 ]

There are currently no laser treatments for  dry macular degeneration. Thermal laser treatment is not currently recommended  for wet age-related macular degeneration because it is less effective than the  Avastin and/or Lucentis eye injections. However, another type of laser  treatment known as photodynamic therapy (PDT) is still used in some cases of  wet age-related macular degeneration. PDT is not typically used as a first line  therapy, but often in conjunction with other treatments.

Please let me know what macular degenerative condition causes vision loss without any obvious clinical or diagnostic abnormalities? I am considering having indirect ophthalmoscopy, OCT, FFA and other diagnostic tests. If these fail to detect any obvious reason for my failing central visual, what could be the potential cause of my symptoms? [ 02/01/11 ]

Age-related macular degeneration can  certainly cause visual loss, but always is associated with clinical  abnormalities such as drusen, geographic atrophy, or choroidal  neovascularization depending on the severity and subtype of the disease. These  findings can typically be found during a complete eye examination and other appropriate  studies performed by a retinal specialist. There are retinal dystrophies or  degenerations that can cause loss of vision in an eye that appears normal. These  disorders are very rare and can be detected by other tests, such as  electroretinography (ERG).

I am age 85, and I have had a sudden loss of vision in one eye. It happened within 3 months. I see wavy lines and a bluish shadow on the Amsler grid. What conditions other than wet age-related macular degeneration could cause this? [ 01/20/11 ]

Wet age-related macular degeneration is a very common reason  for distortion on an Amsler grid. Other reasons include chloroquine toxicity, hydroxychloroquine  toxicity, Best's disease, vitelleform dystrophy, pattern dystrophy, familial  dominant drusen, toxoplasmosis, North Carolina macular dystrophy, and many others.

My sister experienced blurry vision in her left eye and was seen by an ophthalmologist. He said that she has idiopathic polypoidal choroidal vasculopathy (IPCV), a kind a macular degeneration seen in younger Asian women. Within 3 weeks, she was referred to a retinal surgeon who performed an MRI, but has not discussed a treatment plan with her. Can you please give me some references for facilities to contact concerning IPCV? Is there a treatment for this condition? Thank you very much for your immediate response. [ 01/19/11 ]

IPCV is a disease of the choroid, the network layer of blood vessels underneath the retina. It is more common in women and in races that have pigmented skin. This chronic disease is often diagnosed with ICG (indocyanine green) angiography. IPCV is a chronic disease, and has been treated with PDT (photodynamic therapy) and more recently by injecting the eye with bevacizumab. A nearby retinal specialist, or the nearest university-based retina specialist can evaluate your sister and discuss potential treatment options. Often patients with IPCV are observed until the retina specialist confirms that the treatment benefits outweigh the treatment risks.

After spending ½ hour each day in my son's school gym for 1 week, my eyes became extremely hypersensitive to light. I became unable to use my computer, and I continue to have major eye strain. I also came to realize that I need reading or computer glasses. The initial major reaction started with hypersensitivity following exposure to overhead halogen lights. The light sensitivity has improved and I have stopped using my glasses for now, but my entire face does not feel right, and I cannot use a computer for more than a few minutes. Do you think there is permanent damage to my eyes? Will these issues calm down? I do have history of dry eye, nearsightedness and sensitivity to fluorescent lights. [ 01/18/11 ]

Your symptoms could be caused by a variety of reasons. Since you described a  history of dry eyes, you can try a trial of artificial tears. Bright lights are  often more irritating for people who suffer from dry eyes. Also, people who are  farsighted often need reading glasses sooner than those who are nearsighted. If  you do not use the required reading glasses when you need them, it could lead  to an uncomfortable contraction of the muscles in the eye, and this can be  worsened by dry eyes. Fortunately, none of these conditions cause permanent  damage, and all can be addressed by an eye doctor.

I have advanced wet age-related macular degeneration in one eye and have been receiving Lucentis injections monthly for 2 years. Approximately 8 months ago, I started developing a reaction following the injections. The symptoms of the reaction last around 1 week and consist of extremely itchy, swollen eyes that also sting or burn. After several days, the swelling subsides but the eye remains red and raw; it looks like I've been in a fight that I didn't win. I don't think it is the result of the injection, but rather believe that it may be an allergic reaction to some of the antiseptic solutions or even the dilating drops. My doctor has not experienced this with any other patient and does not take it too seriously. However, it's so disabling that I'm considering stopping the Lucentis treatments. I'd like to know if any other people have had similar reactions. [ 01/17/11 ]

You are perceptive and likely correct in thinking that you may be suffering  from an allergic reaction to the antiseptic solution (most likely Betadine) or  some of the drops used before or after the injection. Itching, in particular,  is a very common sign of an ocular allergy. Ocular allergies are common to Betadine  as well as the preservatives used in eye drops. Speak with your eye doctor to  see if he or she can identify the causative agent. Fortunately, alternative antiseptics,  dilating drops and antibiotic drops are on the market that will allow you to  continue your Lucentis treatments.

I am 63 year-old-female and have dry macular degeneration. I have a blind spot, but still retain my peripheral vision. Should I continue to go to an eye doctor for new glasses, and will they help improve my peripheral vision? [ 01/16/11 ]

Dry macular degeneration typically only affects the central part of the visual  field and leaves peripheral vision intact. A new pair of glasses can  potentially improve peripheral vision; however, other eye problems, such as  cataract, may limit the improvement that you receive from the new glasses. It  would be worthwhile to discuss this issue with your eye doctor.

I have a 79-year-old mother with wet macular degeneration, and she has lost all but her peripheral vision. We live in central Alabama and I would like to know the closest possible clinics or physicians that could discuss transplant treatments. [ 01/15/11 ]

Advanced wet macular degeneration is not currently being treated with any  type of transplantation therapy. A complicated multi-step surgery called  macular translocation has been tried successfully for a very small subset of  patients with wet macular degeneration. The nearest person performing this  procedure is Dr. Cynthia Toth at Duke Eye Center in Durham, North Carolina.  Before traveling this distance, you may benefit from an evaluation by retinal  specialists at a closer academic center, such as the University of Alabama-Birmingham,  to determine what types of interventions would be most appropriate for your  mother.

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Disclaimer: The information provided here is a public service of the BrightFocus Foundation and should not in any way substitute for the advice of a qualified healthcare professional; it is not intended to constitute medical advice. Please consult your physician for personalized medical advice. BrightFocus Foundation does not endorse any medical product or therapy. All medications and supplements should only be taken under medical supervision. Also, although we make every effort to keep the medical information on our website updated, we cannot guarantee that the posted information reflects the most up-to-date research.

Some of the content in this section is adapted from other sources, which are clearly identified within each individual item of information.

Last Review: 04/29/13

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